Durham University
Programme and Module Handbook

Undergraduate Programme and Module Handbook 2023-2024 (archived)

Module ENGI4377: Structures 4

Department: Engineering

ENGI4377: Structures 4

Type Tied Level 4 Credits 10 Availability Available in 2023/24 Module Cap None. Location Durham
Tied to H100


  • ENGI3411


  • As specified in programme regulations.

Excluded Combination of Modules

  • As specified in programme regulations.


  • This module is designed solely for students studying Department of Engineering degree programmes.
  • The module will provide students with advanced knowledge and understanding of fundamentals of dynamics of structures required for earthquake engineering.
  • Students will become familiar with analysis methodologies and assessment procedures for structural design in seismic areas.


  • Natural frequencies and modal analysis.
  • Dynamics of simple systems and response spectra.
  • Derivation of modal analysis in the context of seismic loads.
  • Equivalent static and push-over analyses: basic concepts and applications.
  • EC8 design procedures and key concepts.
  • Seismic lateral load resisting systems and seismic detailing.
  • Force-based and displacement-based approaches for seismic design.
  • Assessment and retrofitting of existing constructions.

Learning Outcomes

Subject-specific Knowledge:
  • An understanding of structural dynamics: basic concepts and applications.
  • An understanding of analysis techniques for structural assessment of structures subjected to earthquake loading.
  • An understanding of the EC8 framework for assessing and designing structures.
Subject-specific Skills:
  • An awareness of current technology, analysis methods and industrial practises along with the ability to apply those methods in novel situations.
  • An in-depth knowledge and understanding of specialised and advanced technical and professional skills, an ability to perform critical assessment and review and an ability to communicate the results of their own work effectively.
Key Skills:
  • Capacity for independent self-learning within the bounds of professional practice.
  • Mathematics relevant to the application of advanced engineering concepts.

Modes of Teaching, Learning and Assessment and how these contribute to the learning outcomes of the module

  • Fundamentals of earthquake engineering and the engineering practice of seismic engineering are covered in lectures, and are reinforced by problem sheets and worked examples leading to the required problem solving capability.
  • Students are able to make use of staff 'Tutorial Hours' to discuss any aspect of the module with teaching staff on a one-to-one basis. These are sign up sessions available for up to one hour per week per lecture course.
  • A single examination covers all of the lecture material. Written timed examinations are appropriate because of the wide range of analytical, in-depth material covered in this module and to demonstrate the ability to solve advanced problems independently.

Teaching Methods and Learning Hours

Activity Number Frequency Duration Total/Hours
Lectures 20 Typically 1 per week 1 Hour 20
Tutorial Hours As required Weekly sign-up sessions Up to 1 Hour 10
Preparation and Reading 70
Total 100

Summative Assessment

Component: Examination Component Weighting: 100%
Element Length / duration Element Weighting Resit Opportunity
Written Examination 2 hours 100% No

Formative Assessment:


Attendance at all activities marked with this symbol will be monitored. Students who fail to attend these activities, or to complete the summative or formative assessment specified above, will be subject to the procedures defined in the University's General Regulation V, and may be required to leave the University