Durham University
Programme and Module Handbook

Undergraduate Programme and Module Handbook 2023-2024 (archived)

Module MATH4277: Discrete and Continuous Probability IV

Department: Mathematical Sciences

MATH4277: Discrete and Continuous Probability IV

Type Open Level 4 Credits 10 Availability Available in 2023/24 Module Cap None. Location Durham


  • Analysis in Many Variables II (MATH2031) AND Complex Analysis II (MATH2011) AND EITHER [Probability II (MATH2647)] OR [Stochastic Processes III (MATH3251)] OR [Markov Chains II (MATH22707) and Analysis III (MATH3011)]


  • None

Excluded Combination of Modules

  • None


  • To explore in depth fundamental probabilistic systems in both discrete and continuous settings, building on earlier probability courses.


  • Coin tossing and trajectories of random walks
  • Classical limit theorems
  • Order statistics
  • Some non-classical limits
  • Brownian motion

Learning Outcomes

Subject-specific Knowledge:
  • By the end of the module students will: be able to solve seen and unseen problems on the given topics.
  • Have a knowledge and understanding of this subject demonstrated through an ability to analyse the behaviour of the probabilistic systems explored in the course.
  • Reproduce theoretical mathematics concerning probabilistic systems at a level appropriate to Level 4, including key definitions and theorems.
Subject-specific Skills:
  • In addition students will have enhanced mathematical skills in the following areas: probabilistic intuition.
Key Skills:
  • Students will have basic mathematical skills in the following areas: problem solving, modelling, computation.

Modes of Teaching, Learning and Assessment and how these contribute to the learning outcomes of the module

  • Lecturing demonstrates the development of mathematical ideas into a coherent body of material, and how the theory is applied to practical examples.
  • Four homework assignments provide formative assessment and feedback to guide students in the correct development of their knowledge and skills in preparation for the summative assessment.
  • The end-of-year examination assesses the knowledge acquired and the ability to solve predictable and unpredictable problems.

Teaching Methods and Learning Hours

Activity Number Frequency Duration Total/Hours
Lectures 21 2 per week in Michaelmas term; 1 in Easter term 1 hour 21
Problem Classes 4 Fortnightly in Michaelmas term 1 hour 4
Preparation and reading 75
Total 100

Summative Assessment

Component: Examination Component Weighting: 100%
Element Length / duration Element Weighting Resit Opportunity
Written examination 2 hours 100%

Formative Assessment:

Four assignments.

Attendance at all activities marked with this symbol will be monitored. Students who fail to attend these activities, or to complete the summative or formative assessment specified above, will be subject to the procedures defined in the University's General Regulation V, and may be required to leave the University